Discussions about menstruation and personal hygiene can make many individuals feel uncomfortable, confused, or even afraid. Knowing your body, however, is crucial for every girl and woman, regardless of whether you prefer to avoid certain topics or not. Online forums are swarming with articles about periods. Despite the fact that this is a pretty difficult and delicate subject, many opt to share their experiences, provide advice, and are curious about other women’s experiences. If you decide to look for your answers online, bear in mind that you may come across common misconceptions and myths that have nothing to do with reality. But if you do have questions, feel free to ask them! Look for dependable sources, such as research articles, gynecologists, or specialized forums.

Remember that your health needs care and attention. Take a moment to reflect— are you consuming the appropriate foods during your menstrual cycle? Are you practicing proper hygiene? Do you possess sufficient knowledge about periods, PMS, and methods for alleviating pain? There must be something you have yet to discover! In our Know Your Period section, you will find answers to the most interesting and important questions every woman should know.


A girl begins menstruating when she reaches reproductive age. A woman’s body can procreate, so it prepares for conception every month. If fertilization does not occur, the cycle ends in the detachment of the uterus’s inner wall, which causes bleeding. In other words, ovaries regularly produce eggs, which, left unfertilized, leave the body along with menstrual flow. Once menstruation is over, the uterus begins to prepare for the next cycle.

Periods cease with the onset of menopause. It is impossible to know the exact age this will happen. It is a very personal process that is influenced by a variety of things, such as stress, mental shocks, lifestyle, diet, exercising, genetics, surgeries, hard drugs, etc. The average age at which the first signs of menopause manifest themselves tends to be between 45 and 55 years. This means that a woman can no longer conceive.

First Period

The first period is always a significant moment in a girl’s life because she realizes she is maturing, changing, and making new and exciting discoveries. It is a natural process, so it is important to accept it and not be afraid of anything. The first period normally comes between the ages of 11 and 14. But this isn’t a strict time range, as it may begin earlier or later as well, so it is very individual. Anything between 9 and 16 years old, when the body has developed and gathered the necessary quantity of hormones to start the reproductive process, falls within the normal age range.

There are several signs that indicate the onset of puberty and the imminent arrival of the first period. These include noticeable changes in the body, such as a reduction in waist size and the development of curvier hips and breasts. Additionally, the body begins to produce white vaginal discharge.

Menstrual Cycle Length

Put simply, the menstrual cycle is a period of time from one menstruation to another. Its length may vary between women and during the course of a woman’s life until the menopause. Normally, 21 days is the shortest length, and 36 days is the longest. Here are a few simple rules to assist you in determining the length of your cycle:

  1. The first day of your period is the first day of your cycle.
  2. The day preceding the beginning of a new period is the last day of your cycle, which is then followed by a new one.

If we assume that the average age of the first period is 10 years and the final one is 50, it is estimated that a woman will have approximately 450 to 500 menstrual periods throughout her lifetime.

Pads or Tampons

It is hard to say for sure which is actually better — pads or tampons. Each woman makes her own decision based on what is most comfortable, convenient, safe, and secure for her. Therefore, it is essential to sample both products before drawing any conclusions or comparing them. Once you grasp their distinctions, pros and cons, you may choose the product that’s best for you and your periods.

Benefits of pads:

  • Pads, both regular and ultra thin, stand as the preferred choice among feminine hygiene products.
  • Wide selection: normal, super, super plus, with or without wings, various absorbency levels, length, cottony top or mesh
  • The absorbent layer locks the fluids inside preventing leaks
  • Designed for a secure fit on your panties, they are effortless to change when needed

Benefits of tampons:

  • Great for exercising, outdoor activities, and vacations
  • No discomfort if inserted correctly
  • Prevent unpleasant odors and leakage
  • Easy to carry around
Balanced Diet

A healthy, balanced diet improves your appearance, comfort, and well-being. Although leading a healthy lifestyle has always been important, it has only recently become fashionable. Unfortunately, sticking to your eating plan isn’t always possible. In times of busy schedules and overwhelming tasks, it is common for individuals to gravitate towards snacks rather than proper meals. Over time, this becomes the norm, while sports may be out of the picture altogether. For a time, the body is able to keep its equilibrium, but eventually it begins to weaken. You get sleepy, worn out, and uncomfortable; working becomes more difficult; tasks are delayed because you can’t do them in a timely manner or because you don’t feel like doing them at all. This is when you realize how critical it is to keep a balanced diet.

Thus, when you are on your period, you should add nutritious foods like meat, fish, seafood, nuts, eggs, fresh vegetables and fruit in your diet. When you adhere to the suggested diet, you might even forget you’re on your period.

Good Hygiene

During your period, you must undoubtedly pay much closer attention to both your general health and personal hygiene. Infections, odors, and discomfort may all be avoided with good hygiene.

Read and remember:

  1. Shower or douche daily. Use a separate towel for your intimate area.
  2. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap before changing your hygiene product.
  3. Use feminine hygiene wipes.
  4. Change your feminine hygiene product as often as possible. It is recommended to do it every three or four hours.
  5. Do not keep feminine hygiene products in damp areas.
  6. Choose unscented hygiene products to avoid allergic reactions and irritation.
  7. Follow the expiration dates indicated on the packaging.
Why Use Panty Liners?

The answer to this question is simple — while using panty liners for a few days before and after your period is not necessary, they are highly convenient and can be beneficial in various situations.

Benefits of panty liners:

  1. Intimate hygiene
    Panty liners are intended to improve intimate hygiene on specific days of your menstrual cycle. They make you feel much more confident, as your underwear stays fresh and clean. But keep in mind that you must change your panty liners as often as you change your sanitary pads — every 3 or 5 hours.
  2. Clean underwear on heavy discharge days
    Since vaginal discharge occurs not just during your period, many women choose to use panty liners to avoid discomfort, especially around ovulation, when the vaginal discharge becomes thicker.
  3. Temporary solution
    Even if you keep a period calendar, you cannot predict some body changes and pinpoint the precise day of your period. If your period starts sooner than expected, a panty liner may be of great help.
Sports on Your Period: To Do or Not To Do

If you’re an avid sports enthusiast who can’t imagine life without physical activity, you’ve likely contemplated whether it’s advisable to engage in sports while menstruating. Expert opinions on this matter vary, making it crucial to consider your gynecologist’s advice and prioritize your personal comfort.

Engaging in intense exercise during your period is generally discouraged as it can increase blood flow to your reproductive organs, potentially impacting your health. But if you feel good, there’s no need to cancel your workout just because it’s that time of the month. Opting for moderate exercise with lighter weights can have positive effects on your mood, energy levels, and PMS symptoms. Nevertheless, if you experience severe menstrual cramps, heavy bleeding, nausea, or dizziness, it’s advisable to refrain from physical exertion. Consulting your doctor is essential to avoid pushing yourself too hard and risking injury.


Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is a complex set of symptoms occurring a few days before your period. It usually lasts between one to ten days. Many women experience PMS regularly. If you are one of such women, don’t despair; you are not alone.

You must be able to recognize the primary symptoms that women often experience prior to menstruation in order to determine whether you are indeed suffering from premenstrual syndrome. The main of them include mental and emotional symptoms, such as irritability, weariness, depression, tearfulness; neurological symptoms like headache, heart pains, sickness and even vomiting; metabolic and endocrine symptoms, such as swelling, itching, fever, and others. You may get mixed symptoms, which makes your condition worse and much more hazardous because it would be more challenging to predict the outcomes.

You should see a doctor right away if your PMS symptoms start to occur more frequently and get worse over time. Treatment will depend on the severity of the syndrome and may take a long time, so do not put off the appointment.

PMS Symptoms

Irritability, tearfulness, touchiness, drowsiness, aggressiveness, insomnia, weakness, forgetfulness, fatigue, conflict, anger, depression, increased blood pressure, engorged breasts, low sex drive.

Swelling of different body parts, hand numbness, allergy, acne, weight gain, muscle pain, bloating, chest pain, sweating, sensitivity to odors.

Headaches, dizziness, fainting, nausea, vomiting, fever, skin redness, pounding hear, panic attacks.

Recommendations for Every Day

It may appear like the sense of ease and comfort is impossible during your periods. But this is a misconception. It really is difficult to build a habit and constantly control your actions, but you get used to a new way of life over time, and the benefits will soon follow. Stick to these recommendations:

  1. Avoid conflict and stress.
  2. Avoid salt or reduce its consumption to a minimum. This will remove sodium from the body and reduce swelling.
  3. Avoid foods rich in fats and carbohydrates. Do not eat too much sweet stuff. You will feel much better! Stomach heaviness and mood swings will disappear.
  4. Refrain from alcohol and strong drinks, such as coffee.
  5. Drink more water. On average, every adult should drink at least 1.5 liters of water daily.
  6. Exercise, go for walks, distract yourself from unhappy thoughts, fight fatigue and drowsiness.

    While immediate results may not be evident, adhering to these recommendations will eventually yield positive effects. A sense of ease, satiation, and the discovery of new flavors will emerge with time. Be patient and go for it!

    Period Cramp Relief

    A lot of women experience period cramps and the associated discomfort in the abdomen region. This pathology is called dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea symptoms vary in severity, so it is divided into primary and secondary forms. Short-term cramping without any internal pelvic organ alterations is referred to as primary dysmenorrhea. Secondary dysmenorrhea has a different nature and may cause serious consequences, such as impaired blood flow, nerve irritation caused by uterine contractions, etc. Do not ignore your symptoms or put off getting treatment, since doing so may result in greater inflammation in the affected region. You will experience symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting. Pain will spread to your legs and lower back.

    To reduce pain in case of primary dysmenorrhea, take a hot shower, use a heating pad or a warm towel in the lower abdomen, take painkillers, and rest on your side in a comfortable position. This will relieve discomfort and cramps. If painkillers and other measures do not help and you are in pain for an extended period of time, see a doctor as soon as possible.